8-3-2019 | General advice of the Judicial power
166.961 denunciations by violence of sort in 2018
The sentences reach the 70.5 percent of the sentences, three points more than the previous year. 166,961 denunciations, a 0.4 percent more than in 2017 appeared. More than one hundred fifty-eight thousand women they appear as victims of chauvinistic violence in the presented denunciations. The percentage of victims that take refook in gives it of the obligation to declare was placed in the 10.9 percent, means point more than the previous year.
The 10/1995 of 23 Nov. (Penal Code). Article 153
The inter-annual increase of a 3.1 percent in the sentences by violence of sort in the judicial organs, being reached an annual historical maximum of the 70.45 percent, and the increase as much of the asked for orders of protection as of the granted orders of protection, constitutes the most excellent data of the statistic of the year 2018, that has made public today the Observatory against the Domestic Violence and of Sort.
Also they are observed as significant data the increase of a 0.4 percent in the number of presented denunciations and the increase of a 0.2 percent in the number of women victims of violence of sort in the global one of the presented denunciations.
166.961 denunciations by violence of sort in 2018
During year 2018, the Spanish courts received a total of 166,961 denunciations by sort violence, which supposes an increase of 0.4 points with respect to 2017, when the denunciations were 166.263. The women victims of chauvinistic violence were 158,590 (increase of the 0.2 percent), of whom 49,904 were foreign, a 31.5 percent.
As far as the rate of women victims of violence of sort by each 10,000 women, they emphasize over the national average, that she is of 66.56, the Communities of the Balearics, with a ratio of 102.71, Valencian Community, with 86.97, Murcia, with 85.93, the Canary Islands, with 78.85 and Andalusia, with 77.48 whereas the lowest ratio occurred in Castilla and Leon, with 40.83, Extremadura, with 42.43 and Galicia, with a ratio of 44,13.
A little more a 69 percent of the presented denunciations was it by the own victim, directly in the court or through police reports. The denunciations by direct intervention of the police are placed around the 15 percent of the cases. The number of denunciations presented by relatives of the victim reached a percentage superior to the four percent of the total. The parts of injuries received directly in the court represented a little more the nine percent of the denunciations.
A little more a 10 percent of victims take refook in gives it of the legal obligation to declare
In the past year, in 17.347 cases the victim of sort violence has take refugen in gives it of the legal obligation to declare, which supposes a percentage of a 10.94 percent in relation to the total of women victims of sort violence, point to the one of the year previous and inferior in two points bases superior in the middle to the number reached in 2016.
11,106 women who take refook in give it were Spanish, a 64 percent of the total and 6,241 were foreign, a 36 percent, percentage this last slightly inferior to the one of the previous year, that had been of the 38 percent.
Increase of asked for and granted orders of protection
During 2018 45,045 orders of protection were asked for in the judicial organs. A total of 39,176 orders of protection (that include measures of protection and security of the victims) was asked for in the courts of violence on the woman and other 5,869 were it in the guard courts.
The increase of requests of protection orders in the courts specialized with respect to 2017 was of a 1.75 percent. A 69.16 percent of the asked for orders of protection was adopted (27.093), 1.52 points over the previous year.
In the guard courts, 4,457 orders remembered protection, which supposes a 76 percent of the total of the solicitd ones (three points more than year 2017), having denied 1.412.
In the middle of the cases, the pair relation (spouse or affective relation) stayed at the time of the request of the protection order.
A 30.6 percent of the women victims who asked for protection order in the violence courts on the woman was foreign and a 2.3 percent of the total (Spanish and foreign) was minor at the time of the request. Percentage slightly superiors to those of the previous year.
Penal and civil judicial measures derived from the protection orders
In addition, derived from the protection orders and other precautionary measures, 65,725 penal judicial measures of protection of the victims were adopted (women and minors), between whom they emphasize the order of distance and the prohibition of communication, that were adopted respectively in 67.3 and 66.8 percent of the total of decided orders of protection.
In 2018, the courts of violence on the woman adopted 25,275 orders of distance and 24,834 measures of prohibition of communication, which supposes increases with respect to year 2017.
At the same time 17,113 precautionary civil measures were dictated, directed toward the protection as much of the woman as of the minors, while the penal process was solved. The number of adopted civil measures increased with respect to the previous year, in which 15.237 remembered. A 20.4 percent of the adopted measures was it in relation to the food benefit and a 17.2 percent solved the attribution of the house.
A 4.5 percent of the adopted measures (1.301) supposed the suspension of the guard and guards whereas a three percent of the measures (835) had as purpose the suspension of the regime of visits.
The courts of violence on the woman decided 253 measures protection of minors to avoid a danger or damage.
New increase of the condemnatory sentences
In 2018 the percentage of condemnatory sentences dictated by the Spanish judicial organs in processes regarding sort violence returned to be increased. Against the 66.2 percent of sentences that took place in 2016, and the 67.4 percent of 2017, in the past year the percentage has been placed in the historical maximum of the 70.45 percent.
The statistical data of the Observatory against the Domestic Violence and of Sort of the CGPJ reflect that in the total of the year, the dictated sentences were 50,370, of which 34,994 were sentences and 15,376, acquittals.
The greater percentage of sentences to maltratadores took place in the violence courts on the woman, with a little more the 86 percent (inter-annual increase of two points) and in the Provincial Hearings, with more of a 82 percent (increase also of two points). The percentage of sentences in the courts of the penitentiary also was increased and it was placed in the 57.14 percent when in the previous year a little more had taken place a 55 percent of condemnatory sentences.
¢ Courts of violence on the woman
The courts of violence on the woman the past celebrated year a total of 7,725 judgments on slight crimes, of which 3,260 were judgments of immediate judgment. In the 82 percent of the cases, the judgments were by unjust humiliations or insults.
These courts entered throughout the year a total of 210,684 penal subjects. The profile of the well-educated crimes in these courts as soon as it undergoes variation with respect to previous data, since the greater percentage, almost a 54 percent, corresponds to the injuries anticipated in the Art. 153 of the Penal Code (LAW 3996/1995) and 11.6 percent to the one of injuries anticipated in Art. 173 of the same norm.
A total of 20,963 penal sentences was dictated in a 2018 by the courts of violence on the woman, of whom a 86.32 percent (18.095) was sentences, supposing increase of two points with respect to the previous year.
The courts of violence on the woman also transact demands civil mainly, divorces and measured on the guard and guards presented by the women victims of bad treatments. In 2018 these demands they added a total of 21,816, consolidating therefore the tendency of one lowers proportion of entered civil subjects with respect to the total of presented penal denunciations.
¢ Courts of the Penitentiary
The courts of the penitentiary, that judge the crimes punished with up to five years of jail, solved a total of 30,171 subjects, whereas the number of subjects which they entered was of 29.832.
29,028 sentences were dictated, of which the 57.14 percent (16.586) was condemnatory, almost two percentage points more than in 2017.
¢ Provincial hearings
In the Provincial Hearings, whose sections specialized in violence on the woman judge the most serious crimes, with privative pain of freedom superior to five years, 379 sentences were dictated, 313 of which they were condemnatory, which represents a 82.59 percent of the total of sentences dictated in all the year, with a inter-annual increase of the two percent.
¢ Courts of minors
Finally, the courts of minors judged in 2018 by crimes in the scope of the violence against the woman to 249 juniors, bases inferior to the one of the year 2017, that was of 266.
Measures in 230 cases, 190 regarding Spanish minors and 40 prevailed, to foreign minors.
Main data of the fourth trimester of 2018
The done data public today by the Observatory against the Domestic Violence and of Sort reflect that in the last quarterly of year 2018, the denunciations by sort violence increased a 3.1 percent with respect to the fourth trimester of year 2017.
A total of 41,378 denunciations appeared in the Spanish judicial organs and the number of women victims in the mentioned denunciations ascended to the number of 39,811, a 2.1 percent superior to the same trimester of the previous year.
10, 6 percent of the victims of sort violence take refook in gives it to the legal obligation to declare, half point superior to the same trimester of 2017.
9,909 orders of protection, a 9.7 percent more than in the four were asked for trimester of 2017, in which 9.033 had been asked for. An important increase in the percentage of decided orders of protection took place, that it reached the 72.3 percent of the solicitd ones against the percentage of the same trimester of 2017, that was of a 66.8 percent.
As far as the sentences dictated in the fourth trimester of 2018, the sentences were 9,202, a 69.34 percent of the total of the dictated sentences, that were 13.270. The percentage of sentences in the fourth trimester of the previous year was of a 66.9 percent.
Valuations of the president of the Observatory, ngeles Carmona
The statistical data corresponding to year 2018 indicate to us, of convincing way, an important increase of the sentences in maltratadores and important increases also in the protection orders, as much in the number of the solicitd ones as in the number of granted orders.
The increase of the denunciations presented in the judicial organs returns to us to locate, on the one hand in a scene in which it is positive that arises all the violent conducts towards the woman and the minors and, on the other, is evident that it shakes because we are speaking to us internally of inasumibles numbers, improper of a mature and civilized society.
He is very positive I insist to verify, once again, as they increase the sentences and also it turns out satisfactory to see as the measures of protection of the victims are increased again, they are women or they are children or daughters. That the orders of distance or the prohibitions of communication adopted by the judicial organs affect to two of each three cases in that an order of protection has been asked for, together with the data of the civil measures of protection, essentially of minors, is not but the faithful reflection of the judicial sensitization towards the phenomenon of the sort violence.
Once again, then, the message to transfer to the citizenship has to do with that, in spite of all the imponderable ones that coexists in a as sensible matter as it is the sort violence, some is no impunity and the Rule of law works.
I also want to emphasize a small data, but important, and to which I have talked about with assiduity. This year, we have duplicated to the percentage of denunciations presented by relatives of the victims, exceeding a four percent of the total, when as soon as a two percent in 2017 was surpassed. It is reason for hope, because in the implication of relatives and near surroundings much land gains to fight, on the one hand, the own violence of sort and, on the other hand, so that the victim stops feeling good part of her solitude and neglect.
The data of this past year alert to us, nevertheless, that it continues growing the number of victims and as soon as also descends the one from minors judged by the commission of crimes of sort violence. As president of the Observatory worries to me that attitudes of chauvinistic violence still persist in our young people, who had to exemplify better than any other social segment the values of equality, respect and freedom.
The statistical data are available in the http://www.poderjudicial.es/cgpj/es/Temas/Violencia-domestica-y-de-genero/Actividad-del-Observatorio/Datos-estadisticos/ page